Augusta National

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There is something about Augusta National that makes the action at the Masters some of the most compelling viewing in golf – perhaps in all sports.

And much of that compulsion comes from Amen Corner: The second shot at the 11th, all of the 12th, and the tee shot at the 13th hole are nicknamed ‘Amen Corner’.

The name was coined by Herbert Warren Wind in his April 21, 1958 Sports Illustrated article about the Masters that year as Arnold Palmer outlasted Ken Venturi for the Green Jacket with heroic escapes at Amen Corner.

Amen Corner also played host to earlier iconic Masters moments such as Byron Nelson’s birdie-eagle at 12 and 13 in 1937, and Sam Snead’s water save at 12 in 1949 that sparked him to victory.

The name comes from a song entitled “Shoutin’ in that Amen Corner”, written by Andy Razaf recorded by the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra with vocals by Mildred Bailey.

Natural features
The Big Oak Tree
‘The big oak tree’ is on the golf course side of the clubhouse and was planted in the 1850s.

Eisenhower Tree
Also known as the ‘Eisenhower Pine’, it is a loblolly pine located on the 17th hole, approximately 210 yards (192m) from the Master’s tee. President Dwight D Eisenhower, an Augusta National member, hit the tree so many times that, at a 1956 club meeting, he proposed that it be cut down. Not wanting to offend the President, the club’s chairman, Clifford Roberts, immediately adjourned the meeting rather than reject the request.

Ike’s Pond
During a visit to Augusta National, then General Eisenhower returned from a walk through the woods on the eastern part of the grounds, and informed Clifford Roberts that he had found a perfect place to build a dam if the club would like a fish pond. Ike’s Pond was built and named, and the dam is located just where Eisenhower said it should be.

Rae’s Creek
Rae’s Creek cuts across the south-eastern corner of the Augusta National property. It flows along the back of the 11th green, in front of the 12th green, and ahead of the 13th tee. This is the lowest point in elevation of the course. The Hogan and Nelson Bridges cross the creek after the 12th and 13th tee boxes, respectively. The creek was named after former property owner John Rae, who died in 1789.

Architectural features
Crow’s Nest
Available for amateurs wishing to be housed there during the Masters Tournament, the Crow’s Nest provides living space for up to five individuals. Rising from the approximately 30 by 40-foot (12 square metre) room is the clubhouse’s 11-foot (3.4 m) square cupola. The cupola features windows on all sides. The Crow’s Nest consists of one room with partitions and dividers that create three cubicles with one bed each, and one cubicle with two beds. There is also a full bathroom with an additional sink. The sitting area has a game table, sofa and chairs, telephone and television. Placed throughout the Crow’s Nest are books on golf, and lining the walls are photos and sketches depicting past Masters and other golf scenes.

Eisenhower Cabin
One of 10 cabins on the Augusta National property, it was built by the club’s membership for member Dwight D Eisenhower after his election as president of the United States. The cabin was built according to Secret Service security guidelines, and is adorned by an eagle located above the front porch.

Founders Circle
A memorial located in front of the course’s clubhouse, at the end of Magnolia Lane. Plaques at Founders Circle honour Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts.

Hogan Bridge
A bridge over Rae’s Creek that connects the fairway of hole 12 to its green. It is constructed of stone and covered with artificial turf. The bridge was dedicated to Ben Hogan in 1958 to commemorate his 72-hole score of 274 strokes five years earlier, the course record at the time.

Magnolia Lane
The main driveway leading from Washington Road to the course’s clubhouse. The lane is flanked on either side by 61 magnolia trees, each grown from seeds planted by the Berckmans family in the 1850s. Magnolia Lane is 330 yards (300m) long and was paved in 1947.

Nelson Bridge
A stonework bridge over Rae’s Creek that connects the teeing ground of hole 13 to its fairway. In 1958, it was dedicated to Byron Nelson to honour his performance in the 1937 Masters.

Par Three Fountain
The Par Three Fountain is next to the first tee on the Par Three course. The fountain has a list of Par Three contest winners, starting with Sam Snead’s win in 1960.

Record Fountain
The Record Fountain was built to commemorate the 25th anniversary of The Masters. Located left of the 17th tee, it displays course records and Masters champions.

Sarazen Bridge
A bridge over the pond on hole 15 that separates the fairway from the green. Made of stone, it was named for Gene Sarazen for a memorable double eagle in the 1935 Masters Tournament that propelled him to victory.

Augusta National
1 Tea Olive par 4 455 yards 416 metres
2 Pink Dogwood par 5 575 yards 526 metres
3 Flowering Peach par 4 350 yards 320 metres
4 Flowering Crab Apple par 3 240 yards 219 metres
5 Magnolia par 4 455 yards 416 metres
6 Juniper par 3 180 yards 165 metres
7 Pampas par 4 450 yards 411 metres
8 Yellow Jasmine par 5 570 yards 521 metres
9 Carolina Cherry par 4 460 yards 421 metres
10 Camellia par 4 495 yards 453 metres
11 White Dogwood par 4 505 yards 462 metres
12 Golden Bell par 3 155 yards 142 metres
13 Azalea par 5 510 yards 466 metres
14 Chinese Fir par 4 440 yards 402 metres
15 Firethorn par 5 530 yards 485 metres
16 Redbud par 3 170 yards 155 metres
17 Nandina par 4 440 yards 402 metres
18 Holly par 4 465 yards 425 metres
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